Periodontitis is a disease of the supporting structure of teeth (gums, fibers, tooth cement, and bone). It usually begins in the soft tissue, the gums, and its symptoms include bleeding gums, itching and numbness of the gums, bad breath, loose teeth, changing position (migration) of teeth, and ends with bone degradation (resorption) and tooth loss.
Several factors contribute to the development of periodontitis, but poor oral hygiene and genetics play a significant role.
Depending on the stage of the disease, periodontitis is treated conservatively and surgically. Conservative therapy for periodontitis involves the processing of periodontal pockets (scaling and root planing) with the use of medications.
This is possible in the early stages of the disease when there is not yet significant bone degradation and the development of deep intracostal pockets. The intervention is painless, performed under local anesthesia, and involves processing periodontal pockets with special periodontal curettes, which remove tartar and dental plaque, with possible laser application.
Surgical therapy for periodontitis is performed in the advanced stages of the disease when it is impossible to access deep periodontal pockets with conservative methods. The intervention involves surgery with the installation of artificial bone and membranes that lead to the regeneration of bone tissue, as well as surgery for mucogingival anomalies. Periodontitis is a sneaky chronic disease that sometimes shows symptoms only when complications arise.
Periodontitis is an insidious chronic disease that sometimes gives symptoms only when there are complications.